Fibromyalgia

(FM; Fibromyalgia Syndrome; FMS)

Definition

Fibromyalgia is a complex, chronic, and disabling disorder. It causes widespread pain. It also causes poor sleep and fatigue.
Fibromyalgia Trigger Points
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Causes

The exact cause of fibromyalgia is unknown.The following are some of the conditions that are commonly associated with fibromyalgia:

Risk Factors

Fibromyalgia is more common in women, and in people aged 20-60 years old. Physical or mental stress may also increase your chance of getting fibromyalgia.

Symptoms

Symptoms and severity of fibromyalgia are different for everyone.Fibromyalgia may cause:
  • Generlized pain and tenderness
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Poor sleep
  • Reduced physical endurance
  • Problems with concentration, thought, or memory
Factors that may trigger or worsen symptoms include:
  • Weather changes, especially cold, damp weather
  • Stress or anxiety
  • Overexertion
  • Medical illness
  • Surgery

Diagnosis

The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.The doctor will look for the following signs:
  • Widespread pain lasting three months or longer
  • Tenderness (on physical exam) in specific areas of the body
Your doctor may do tests to make sure your symptoms are not due to other conditions.

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