Ganglion Cyst

(Cyst, Ganglion; Ganglion)

Definition

A ganglion cyst is a fluid-filled sac. It is usually attached to the membrane that surrounds a tendon or a joint lining. Ganglion cysts usually appear on the back of the wrist. They may also be on the underside of the wrist, hand, fingers, or feet. Ganglion cysts are not cancerous.
Ganglion Cyst
Nucleus factsheet image
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Causes

The cause of ganglion cysts is not known.

Risk Factors

Ganglion cysts are more common in young people and women. Participating in sports that put a lot of repeated stress on wrists increases your chance of developing a ganglion cyst.

Symptoms

Symptoms can include:
  • A soft bump, usually on the back of the wrist
  • Pain or tenderness at the site of the bump, but they do not always result in pain

Diagnosis

You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Most ganglion cysts are easily diagnosed based on the location and appearance.If the diagnosis is not clear, your imaging studies or a biopsy may be done to help confirm the diagnosis.

Treatment

Some ganglion cysts go away without treatment. If the cyst is tender or unsightly, you may want treatment. Even with treatment, ganglion cysts can return.Note: Do not attempt to smash the cyst with a heavy object, a traditional home remedy. This is unlikely to get rid of the cyst, but it is likely to cause injury. Treatments include:

Monitoring

Because many ganglion cysts disappear on their own, watching it to make sure it is improving may be all that is needed.

Immobilization

You may need to wear a splint on your wrist. Ganglion cysts usually get smaller with less activity and larger with more activity.

Aspiration

A needle is put into the cyst to drain the fluid.

Corticosteroid Injection

A steroid solution is injected into the cyst. This is usually done after the cyst is drained.

Surgery

The cyst can be surgically removed. This is done when they are large and unsightly or painful. Cysts may return even after surgery.

leave comments
0
Did you like this? Share with your family and friends.
Related Topics:
Current Research From Top Journals


Early Peanut Consumption Associated with Lower Risk of Peanut Allergy in High Risk Children
March 2015

Many medical groups felt that early exposure to certain foods like peanuts increased a child's risk of developing food allergies. However, newer research including this trial suggest that early exposure may actually decrease the risk of developing food allergies.

dot separator
previous editions

Breastfeeding May Decrease the Risk of Childhood Obesity
February 2015

Tonsillectomy May Reduce Number of Sore Throat Days in Children
February 2015

Research Review Finds Little Support for Nearly Half of Medical Talk Show Recommendations
January 2015

dashed separator

Advertisement

Our Free Newsletter
click here to see all of our uplifting newsletters »

 

Advertisement

Advertisement

DiggDeliciousNewsvineRedditStumbleTechnoratiFacebook