Gastritis

Definition

Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach lining. Gastritis can be defined as:
  • Acute—comes on suddenly and lasts for a short time
  • Chronic—either long lasting or recurrent
Gastritis can be erosive. Erosive gastritis can wear away the lining of the stomach. It may also cause ulcers and bleeding.

Causes

Causes of acute gastritis include:Causes of chronic gastritis include:
  • Bacterial infection, such as Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori )
  • Viral infection
  • Fungal infection
  • NSAID use
  • Alcohol use disorder
  • Reflux of bile into the stomach
  • Autoimmune diseases such as Crohn's disease , or sarcoidosis
  • Pernicious anemia , a cause of autoimmune gastritis
  • Radiation treatment
  • Swallowing caustic substances

Risk Factors

Factors that may increase your chance of acute gastritis include:
  • NSAID use
  • Excess alcohol use
  • Head injury
  • Surgery
  • Respiratory failure
  • Kidney failure
  • Liver failure
Factors that increase your chance of getting chronic gastritis include:
  • H. pylori infection
  • NSAID use
  • Excess alcohol use

Symptoms

Gastritis may cause:
  • Abdominal burning and pain
  • Indigestion
  • Acid reflux, when stomach acid comes up the esophagus
  • Burping
  • Bloating
  • Loss of appetite
  • Feeling full
  • Nausea and vomiting
If the gastritis is causing bleeding, you may notice:
  • Bloody or black vomit
  • Bloody or dark black, tarry stools

leave comments
0
Did you like this? Share with your family and friends.
Related Topics:
Current Research From Top Journals


Fecal Transplants Induce Ulcerative Colitis Remission
July 2015

A randomized trial found that fecal microbiota transplantation had a higher rate of remission in patients with active ulcerative colitis than those who recieved placebo. Fecal transplantation is believed to help the intestine develop a healthy balance of bacteria in the gut which can help the intestine recover and function more effectively.

dot separator
previous editions

Exercise Associated with Healthy Baby Weight
June 2015

Mindful Meditation May Reduce Symptoms and Complications of Insomnia
May 2015

Chewing Gum After Surgery May Improve Digestive Tract Recovery
April 2015

dashed separator

Advertisement

Our Free Newsletter
click here to see all of our uplifting newsletters »

 

Advertisement

Advertisement

DiggDeliciousNewsvineRedditStumbleTechnoratiFacebook