Rubella

(German Measles; 3-Day Measles)

Definition

Rubella is an upper respiratory infection most known for its red rash.
Rubella Rash
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Causes

Rubella is caused by a virus. The virus is passed from person to person through tiny droplets in the air.

Risk Factors

Factors that may increase your risk of rubella include:
  • Never having the condition
  • Never receiving an immunization for rubella

Symptoms

Many people with rubella do not have symptoms. In those who do have them, symptoms are usually mild and include:
  • Red, spotty rash all over the body
  • Fatigue, low energy, and discomfort
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Flushed face
  • Red throat that is not sore
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Achy joints and arthritis , especially in adults
Upper respiratory symptoms and fatigue occur first, followed by the rash. Babies whose mothers have rubella during pregnancy, especially during the first trimester, can be born with severe birth defects known as congenital rubella syndrome , which can cause:

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