(IC; Painful Bladder Syndrome)
DefinitionInterstitial cystitis is chronic inflammation of the wall of the bladder. Inflammation can cause scarring and/or pinpoint bleeding of the bladder wall. It can also lead to decreased space to hold urine.
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
CausesAlthough the symptoms are similar to those of a bladder infection, there is usually no clear cause. Bacteria, fungi, and/or viruses are rarely found in the urine of people with interstitial cystitis. Possible causes include:
- An autoimmune response that occurs following a bacterial infection of the bladder
- A leaky inner lining of the bladder that allows irritating substances in the urine to come into contact with the bladder wall
Risk FactorsInterstitial cystitis is more common in women and Caucasians. Other factors that may increase your chance of interstitial cystitis include:
- History of urinary tract infections
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Associated pain disorders, such as fibromyalgia or chronic fatigue syndrome
SymptomsThe symptoms of interstitial cystitis vary from person to person. They can also occur in cycles. Symptoms may include:
- Urgent need to urinate.
- Frequent need to urinate several times a day.
- Discomfort, pain, or pressure in the bladder or pelvic area when the bladder is full, and relief when the bladder is emptied.
- Pain during and after intercourse or during orgasms
- Blood in the urine
- Pain in the vulva or vagina in women, or in the testes, groin, or tip of penis in men
More from Beliefnet
A randomized trial found that fecal microbiota transplantation had a higher rate of remission in patients with active ulcerative colitis than those who recieved placebo. Fecal transplantation is believed to help the intestine develop a healthy balance of bacteria in the gut which can help the intestine recover and function more effectively.
Chewing Gum After Surgery May Improve Digestive Tract Recovery