Low Back Pain

Definition

Low back pain is an ache or discomfort in the area of the lower part of the back and spinal column. The lower spinal column has many small bones and muscles that surround and protect the spinal cord and nerves. Low back pain is very common and affects most adults at some point in their lives.
Bones of the Lower Back
lumbar disc herniation back
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Causes

There are many possible causes for low back pain, but in most cases it is unknown. Some causes of back pain may include:
  • Muscle strains or ligament sprains
  • Disc degeneration
  • Spinal deformities
  • Injury
  • Health conditions

Risk Factors

Factors that increase your chance of low back pain include:General factors, such as:
  • Increasing age
  • Certain activities, such as lifting, bending, or twisting
  • Lack of exercise
  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • Smoking
  • Prior back injury
  • Prior back surgery
Health conditions, such as:Occupational factors, such as:
  • Bending, twisting, or reaching
  • Exposure to vibrations
  • Heavy manual labor
  • Heavy lifting
Psychosocial factors, such as:

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