(Degenerative Joint Disease; Arthritis, Osteo-)
DefinitionOsteoarthritis is a progressive, degenerative joint disease characterized by chronic inflammation of the joint lining. People with osteoarthritis usually have joint pain and limited movement of the affected joint.
|Joints Affected by Osteoarthritis|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
CausesHealthy cartilage is a cushion between the bones in a joint. With osteoarthritis, the cartilage wears away over a long period of time, causing bones to rub together. The exact cause is unclear, but it may be a combination of genetics and the environment.
Risk FactorsOsteoarthritis is more common in older adults. Factors that may increase your chance of osteoarthritis include:
- Excess body weight
- Family history of osteoarthritis
- Certain endocrine, metabolic, or neuropathic disorders, and avascular necrosis
- Having an injury or surgery to the joint surface, especially the cartilage
- Having an occupation or doing physical activities that put stress on joints
SymptomsOsteoarthritis usually affects the hands, feet, spine, hips, and knees. Common symptoms include:
- Mild to severe pain in a joint, especially after overuse or long periods of inactivity, such as sitting for a long time
- Creaking or grating sound in the joint
- Swelling, stiffness, limited movement of the joint, especially in the morning
- Deformity of the joint
DiagnosisYou will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.Your bodily fluids may be tested. This can be done with:
- Blood tests
More from Beliefnet
A meta-analysis found that mothers participating in a prenatal exercise group were less likely to have a large newborn, less likely to need a cesarean section, and no more likely to have a low birthweight baby than those who did not exercise. The study supports proper prenatal care advice which advocates for mothers to exercise during pregnancy if allowed by the physician.
Chewing Gum After Surgery May Improve Digestive Tract Recovery
Early Peanut Consumption Associated with Lower Risk of Peanut Allergy in High Risk Children