(PMS; Premenstrual Tension Syndrome)
DefinitionPremenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a disorder marked by physical and emotional symptoms. It affects women 1-2 weeks before the beginning of their menstrual period.
|The Menstrual Flow|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
CausesWhile the exact cause is not known, PMS may be related to certain factors (environmental, metabolic, or behavioral) that may make a woman more vulnerable to the hormonal changes that occur during menstruation.
Risk FactorsPMS most often occurs in women aged 25-40 years. Other factors that may increase your chance of PMS include:
- Going off birth control pills
- Major life stress
SymptomsPMS may cause:
- Mood swings
- Diminished self-esteem
- Difficulty concentrating
- Sleep problems
- Appetite changes, such as sugar and/or salt cravings, or overeating
- Weight gain
- Breast swelling and tenderness
- Gastrointestinal upset
- Muscle pain
DiagnosisYou will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will also be done.You will be asked to keep a detailed record of your monthly physical and emotional symptoms. If caused by PMS, these symptoms will likely occur 1-2 weeks before your menstrual period. You may have PMS if symptoms occur at the same phase of the menstrual cycle each month.
More from Beliefnet
Insomnia can make your days miserable and a cure can be hard to find. There are some medications but there is some worry with side effects and the potential for addiction. Music is side effect free and according to this study may help you find sleep.
CPAP May Help Older Adults with Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Water Before Meals May Promote Weight Loss
Fecal Transplants Induce Ulcerative Colitis Remission