DefinitionSelf-mutilation or self-injury is any form of self-harm inflicted on your body without the intent to commit suicide.
CausesSelf-mutilation may be caused by associated psychological problems. Self-mutilation may be done to release emotional pain, anger, or anxiety. It may also be done to rebel against authority, flirt with risk-taking, or feel in control. In some cases, the behavior is outside your emotional control and related to a neurological or metabolic disorder.
|Self-mutilation is often associated with psychiatric disorders that may be caused by chemical imbalances in the brain.|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
Risk FactorsSelf-mutilation is more common in females and adolescents. Other factors that may increase your chance of self-mutilation include:
- Childhood sexual, physical, or emotional abuse
- Violence or other abusive relationships in a child's home
- Being in prison
- Intellectual disability
- Psychiatric disorders, such as:
- Certain metabolic disorders
- Alcohol use disorder or drug abuse
- Eating disorders, such as anorexia or bulimia
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