Typhoid Fever

(Enteric Fever; Paratyphoid Fever)

Definition

Typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever are serious infectious illnesses. They occur most often in developing countries where sanitation is poor.

Causes

Typhoid fever is caused by eating foods or drinking beverages contaminated with specific bacteria. Contamination can be present in:
  • Food or drinks handled by someone who is sick with typhoid fever
  • Food or drinks handled by someone who has no symptoms but carries the bacteria
  • Water or food contaminated by sewage
  • Unpasteurized dairy products
  • Unrefrigerated poultry products
Digestive System
Small intestines
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Risk Factors

Factors that may increase your chance of typhoid fever include:
  • Not drinking boiled or bottled water
  • Eating raw shellfish
  • Eating fruits and vegetables that are raw or have been washed with contaminated water
  • Living in, or recent travel, to a country with poor sanitation
  • Decreased stomach acid, usually from taking acid reducing medications

Symptoms

Symptoms may include:
  • Fever often over a long period of time
  • Chills
  • Severe headaches
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Rose-colored spots on the body
  • Lightheadedness
  • Muscle pains
  • Swelling of the neck glands, liver, or spleen

Diagnosis

The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Typhoid fever is usually diagnosed with a blood culture.

leave comments
0
Did you like this? Share with your family and friends.
Related Topics:
Current Research From Top Journals


Fecal Transplants Induce Ulcerative Colitis Remission
July 2015

A randomized trial found that fecal microbiota transplantation had a higher rate of remission in patients with active ulcerative colitis than those who recieved placebo. Fecal transplantation is believed to help the intestine develop a healthy balance of bacteria in the gut which can help the intestine recover and function more effectively.

dot separator
previous editions

Exercise Associated with Healthy Baby Weight
June 2015

Mindful Meditation May Reduce Symptoms and Complications of Insomnia
May 2015

Chewing Gum After Surgery May Improve Digestive Tract Recovery
April 2015

dashed separator

Advertisement

Our Free Newsletter
click here to see all of our uplifting newsletters »

 

Advertisement

Advertisement

DiggDeliciousNewsvineRedditStumbleTechnoratiFacebook