(Microdiscectomy; Microcompression Spine Surgery)
DefinitionIntervertebral discs are located between each vertebra in the spinal column. When damaged, these discs can put pressure on nerves as they leave the spinal cord. An intervertebral discectomy is a back surgery that removes all or part of these discs. The procedure is most often done on lumbar discs (located in the lower back). It may also be done on cervical discs in the neck. There are two methods for this surgery:
- Open—A large incision is made.
- Microdiscectomy—Small incisions are made, and the doctor inserts tiny instruments through these incisions.
Reasons for ProcedureThese discs normally serve as cushions between the bones. The discs can become damaged or dry with age. Injury can also cause a disc to bulge (or herniate ). These changes can create pressure on nerves leaving the spine. This can cause pain, numbness, and weakness.
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Physical therapy
Possible ComplicationsProblems from the procedure are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Your doctor will review potential problems, like:
- Nerve damage
- Bladder or bowel incontinence
- Leakage of spinal fluid
- Another herniated disc (may happen within the first 3 months after surgery)