This procedure uses a hysteroscope to view the inside of a woman’s uterus (womb). A hysteroscope is a long, thin telescope with a camera on the end. Other small, surgical tools may also be inserted into the uterus through the hysteroscope.
Female Reproductive Organs
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Reasons for Procedure

Hysteroscopy is done for:
  • Diagnostic reasons—to examine the inner uterus to identify problems or abnormalities; may be done if you have:
  • Therapeutic reasons—to correct anatomic problems and defects in the uterus; may be done for:
    • Endometrial ablation —removal of uterine lining from the uterus
    • Myomectomy —removal of fibrous or muscular tissue (fibroids)
    • Removal of polyps (usually noncancerous)
    • Removal of intrauterine devices (IUDs)
The result of the hysteroscopy depends on the reason for the procedure. In some cases, the doctor may be able to treat a condition right away. In other cases, you may need further surgery or other treatment.

Possible Complications

Complications are rare. But, no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have hysteroscopy, your doctor will review a list of possible complications. These may include:
  • Swelling or bleeding
  • Infection
  • Organ injury
  • Reaction to anesthesia
Before your procedure, talk to your doctor about ways to manage factors that may increase your risk of complications such as:
  • Smoking
  • Drinking
  • Chronic disease such as diabetes or obesity
The following may also increase the risk of complications:

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