DefinitionA contusion occurs when blood vessels are damaged or broken after an injury. The raised area of the contusion is the result of blood and fluid leaking from the injured blood vessels into the tissue. You usually see a discolored, purplish area that takes 2-3 weeks to go away.The condition is a minor problem that usually needs little treatment. Consult with your doctor if the injury does not clear up within a few weeks or if it is severe.
|Contusion of Skin|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
CausesContusions are caused by minor accidents to your skin, such as falling, bumping into something, or being hit, or kicked.
Risk FactorsAlmost everyone suffers contusions as a result of routine bumps. People who are at higher risk include:
- Children and teens
- People who play contact sports
- People with blood-clotting problems
- People taking blood-thinners, such as aspirin
SymptomsContusions may cause:
- Skin discoloration (usually blue and/or purple, fading to yellow)
DiagnosisThe skin discoloration, pain, and swelling of a contusion are enough to diagnose the condition.
TreatmentTalk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options to help lessen the swelling and pain include:
- Applying ice or a cold pack to the injured area (do not place ice directly on your skin.)
- Elevating the injured area above the level of your heart
- Taking pain relievers if recommended by your doctor
- Have a more serious injury (such as fracture)
- Have broken the skin (may need a tetanus shot or antibiotics)
More from Beliefnet
A systematic review found that participants given chewing gum after abdominal surgery may have a faster return to normal for their digestive system. Unfortunately, the quality of trials is low and more research will need to be done before this simple solution is confirmed.
Early Peanut Consumption Associated with Lower Risk of Peanut Allergy in High Risk Children
Breastfeeding May Decrease the Risk of Childhood Obesity
Tonsillectomy May Reduce Number of Sore Throat Days in Children