Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia

(Hemolytic Anemia)

Definition

Anemia is a low level of healthy red blood cells (RBC). RBCs carry oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. When red blood cells are low, the body does not get enough oxygen. This can cause symptoms such as fatigue, pale skin, or irregular heartbeat.Autoimmune hemolytic anemia is caused by the destruction of RBCs. It can be a serious, fatal condition that requires care from a doctor.
Red Blood Cells
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Causes

This type of anemia is caused by an autoimmune problem. The immune system attacks and destroys red blood cells. The abnormal reaction of the immune system may be caused by:

Risk Factors

Factors that may increase your risk of developing autoimmune hemolytic anemia include:
  • Recent viral infections
  • Taking medications that can cause autoimmune hemolytic anemia
  • Cancer or leukemia
  • Collagen-vascular (autoimmune) disease
  • Family history of hemolytic disease

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