Kawasaki Disease

(Kawasaki Syndrome; Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome)


Kawasaki disease is an illness that affects young children. It causes irritation and swelling of the skin, mouth, and lymph nodes. More serious illness can also lead to swelling in the coronary arteries. These arteries supply oxygen to the heart. The swelling can cause serious heart problems like a weakening of blood vessel walls ( aneurysm ) and heart attack.
Coronary Arteries
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.


The cause of Kawasaki disease is unknown. Some believe it is an infectious agent like a virus. However, Kawasaki does not seem to be contagious. It does not spread through households like the flu.

Risk Factors

Kawasaki disease is most common in children less than five year old. It is rare in adults. Children of Asian ethnicity also seem to be more likely to get Kawasaki disease.Outbreaks of the disease are more common during the winter and early spring months.


Early symptoms in the first 2 weeks may include:
  • High fever—lasting for at least 5 days and usually greater than 102 degrees Fahrenheit (38.8 degrees Celsius)
  • Irritability
  • Red or bloodshot whites of the eyes due to conjunctivitis
  • Rash
  • Soreness and swelling of the mouth, lips, and throat
  • Strawberry tongue—white/yellow coating and bright red bumps on tongue
  • Swollen hands and feet that may look red
  • Swollen lymph nodes (organs of the immune system) in the neck
Later symptoms (within 2 weeks of the start of the fever) may include:
  • Peeling of skin on hands and feet
  • Joint problems
  • Diarrhea, vomiting, or abdominal pain

leave comments
Did you like this? Share with your family and friends.
Related Topics:
Current Research From Top Journals

Music May Improve Sleep Quality in Adults with Insomnia
October 2015

Insomnia can make your days miserable and a cure can be hard to find. There are some medications but there is some worry with side effects and the potential for addiction. Music is side effect free and according to this study may help you find sleep.

dot separator
previous editions

CPAP May Help Older Adults with Obstructive Sleep Apnea
September 2015

Water Before Meals May Promote Weight Loss
August 2015

Fecal Transplants Induce Ulcerative Colitis Remission
July 2015

dashed separator


Our Free Newsletter
click here to see all of our uplifting newsletters »