(Ringworm of the Scalp; Fungal Infection of the Scalp)
DefinitionTinea capitis is a skin infection that affects the scalp.
|Ringworm of the Scalp|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
CausesTinea captis is caused by a type of fungus called a dermatophyte. The fungi thrive in warm, humid environments.
Risk FactorsTinea capitis usually affects children under the age of 10 years, and those of African descent. Other factors that may increase your child's chance for tinea capitis include:
- Daycare centers
- Exposure to pets with the infection
- Poor hygiene
- Sharing combs, brushes, or hats
- Immune system disorders, such as HIV infection
SymptomsTinea capitis may cause:
- Itching of the scalp (not always present)
- Bald patches
- Areas of swelling, redness, scales, sores, or irritated skin
DiagnosisYour doctor will ask about your child’s symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Your child may need to be referred to a specialist. A dermatologist focuses on skin issues.The diagnosis is often made with close inspection of the scalp. If the diagnosis is uncertain, the doctor may scrape your child’s scalp or clip a few hairs for testing.Tests on the sample may include:
- Microscopic examination
- Fungal culture
TreatmentThe main treatment for tinea capitis is prescription antifungal medications. The condition can be difficult to treat. In some cases, tinea capitis can return after treatment. For some children, the condition goes away during puberty.Using an antifungal shampoo may help to reduce the risk of spreading the condition to others.
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