Calendar of Holidays & Festivals - October 2005

Calendar of Holidays & Festivals - October 2005





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October 3 - November 3

 Muslim
Ramadan
Holy month in which the Qur'an was revealed; a time of worship, Qur'an reading, charitable acts, and individual reflection and purification (begins at sundown).
Resource: About Ramadan
eCards: Send a Ramadan Greeting



October 4

 Catholic
Feast Day of St. Francis of Assisi
Honors the founder of the Franciscan order, patron saint of animals.
Excerpt: A Powerful Retelling of St. Francis' Conversion



October 4-5

 Jewish
Rosh Hashanah
Jewish New Year, anniversary of the creation of the world; a 2-day observance (begins at sundown).
Basics: Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur Primer
Feature: Jewish Holidays
eCards: Send a Rosh Hashanah Greeting



October 4 - 14

 Hindu
Navratri
Festival devoted to the worship of the destructive, protective, and knowledge giving roles of the supreme being.
Link: About Navratri



October 12

 Hindu
Dussehra/Durga Puja
Festival celebrating the victory of good over evil; honors the ten-armed goddess of fertility and the third embodiment of the Devi, Durga.
Link: About Durga Puja



October 13

 Jewish
Yom Kippur
Day of Atonement; humans' fates for the coming year are sealed by God (begins at sundown the night before).
Basics: Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur Primer
Feature: Jewish Holidays



October 15

 Heathen
Winter Nights
Festival honoring the Disir or family spirits; a time to honor family, both living and dead (sometimes observed October 31).
Basics: Who Are the Asatruar?
Link: About Winter Nights and Other Asatru Holidays



October 18-24

 Jewish
Sukkot
Feast of Booths; harvest festival commemorating the divine protection of Israelites during their 40-year wandering in the desert (begins at sundown October 17).
Basics: Sukkot and Simchat Torah Primer
Feature: Jewish Holidays
Quiz: How Much Do You Know?
eCards: Send a Sukkot Greeting



October 20

 Baha'i
Birthday of the Bab
Commemorates the birth of the prophet-herald of the faith (begins sundown the previous day).
Resource: The Birth of the Bab
Link: Baha'i Holy Days and Festivals

 Hindu
Karva Chauth (Karwa Chauth)
Fast observed by married women honoring the god Shiva and his consort Parvati; ensures the well-being, prosperity, and longevity of husbands.
Link: About Karwa Chauth

 Sikh
Guru Tegh Bahadur Martyrdom
Time of remembering the execution of Guru Tegh Bahadur, ninth of the ten Gurus who founded Sikhism.
Link:
The Martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahadur



October 25

 Jewish
Shemini Atzeret
Completion of the annual cycle of the reading of the Torah.
Basics: Sukkot and Simchat Torah Primer



October 26

 Jewish
Simchat Torah
"Rejoicing in the Torah"; celebrates the completion of the yearly Torah reading cycle and the beginning of the new cycle (begins at sundown).
Basics: Sukkot and Simchat Torah Primer



October 30

 Muslim
Lailat ul-Qadr (Shab-e-Qadr)
"Night of Power"; commemorates the revelation of the Qur'an to Muhammad (begins sundown the previous day).
Link: About Lailat ul-Qadr
eCards: Send a Lailat ul-Qadr Greeting

 Christian
Reformation Day
Commemorates Martin Luther's nailing of the 95 theses on the church door, starting the Protestant Reformation.
Link: Questions and Answers About Reformation Day



October 31

 Pagan/Wiccan
Samhain
The last harvest festival and the end of the Wiccan year; marks the death of the god.
Essay: The Spiritual New Year
Basics: The Witches' New Year, More About Samhain
eCards: Send a Samhain Greeting

 Christian
All Hallows Eve
Evening of preparation for All Saints Day, once called All Hallows.
Feature: Do Religion and Halloween Mix?

U.S./Canada/Europe
Halloween
Non-religious holiday recognizing the dead, celebrated in much of North America and parts of Western Europe.
Feature: Do Religion and Halloween Mix?
eCards: Send a Halloween Greeting



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