Bethlehem is known to Christians throughout the world as the birthplace of Jesus of Nazareth. Bethlehem is home to one of the oldest Christian communities in the world. Bethlehem is the Church of the Nativity, which is one of the most important Christian sites and one of the oldest operating churches.
The exact site of Jesus’ birth is in an underground grotto beneath the Church, marked by a 14 pointed star set in the ground. Bethlehem has major importance for all three major faiths – as well as its being the most important Christian site in Israel.