Mindfulness: The Buddha’s Essential Teaching
Mindfulness has always been a component of the Buddha’s teaching but it wasn’t until the 20th century that it became so important. The Buddha taught mindfulness but in the following centuries, Buddhism focused on other things and there was a long period that neglected meditation. Mindfulness meditation experienced a revival and mindfulness became the primary focus of some forms of Buddhism, especially those taught in Burma, Thailand, and Sri Lanka. In a sense, there was a return to the original teachings of the Buddha away from the rites, rituals, and customs that had developed as Buddhism spread around the world. Mindfulness can be thought of as a universal language of attention leading to transformation and is not limited to those who practice Buddhism.