The Four Noble Truths: The Buddha’s Basic Teaching
The basic teaching of the Buddha and all forms of Buddhism is the Four Noble Truths. This interrelated set of observations and recommendations contain all the essential information that one needs to understand the Buddha’s message. They outline the extent and cause of the dissatisfaction, anxiety, and uncertainty that Siddhartha noticed in his youth. They are optimistic because there is a way beyond the suffering of the human condition. He also recommended a path of eight mental attitudes, ethical stances, and meditative mindsets (Noble Eightfold Path) to bring us out of anguish and into the present moment. By embracing these insights, we can come to have a better working relationship with our minds, better interactions with the people around us, and find an enduring happiness that is not dependent upon any internal or external conditions.