- Was Jesus Married?
- Who was Mary Magdalene?
- What is Gnosticism?
- Were there other gospels not included in the Christian Bible?
- Why were these gospels not included?
- What is the feminine divine in Christianity?
There is no evidence to prove that Jesus was married. There is also no evidence to prove that he was not married. That has not stopped some scholars from citing various texts as suggesting that Jesus was, in fact, husband to Mary Magdalene, a claim fundamental to the "Da Vinci Code" story. But in truth, this textual evidence is ambiguous at best.
The New Testament does not mention Jesus having a wife, and even in other ancient writings from that time--where Mary Magdalene is often described as having a particularly close relationship with Jesus--she is never called Jesus’ wife. An argument from silence, however, is not proof that he was unmarried.
- On Beliefnet: Was Jesus Married?
According to the Gospel of Luke (8:1-3), Mary Magdalene was one of the women who accompanied Jesus and his disciples. She helped to support them financially, and was cured of evil spirits. She was present at Jesus' crucifixion, and together with other women, was the first to discover the empty tomb. According to the Gospels of Matthew and John, Mary Magdalene was the first to encounter the raised Christ (Matthew 28:9-10; John 20:11-18).
Although Mary is often thought of as a repentant prostitute, no early Christian text even hints as such an identity. It was not until the fifth century that Pope Gregory argued that the unnamed adulteress in John 8 was Mary Magdalene. However, there is no indication anywhere in the New Testament, or among Christians before Pope Gregory, that Mary was called a sinner.
According to early Christian texts, Mary Magdalene was one of Jesus’ disciples--even the one who was the closest to him. Various ancient tests describe her as Jesus’ companion or a disciple. But the Gospel of Thomas, a text containing sayings attributed to Jesus, suggests that Mary will only have a place in the Kingdom as a man: “Simon Peter said to them, "Let Mary leave us, for women are not worthy of Life." Jesus said, ‘I myself shall lead her in order to make her male, so that she too may become a living spirit resembling you males. For every woman who will make herself male will enter the Kingdom of Heaven’.”
In Pistis Sophia, a text in which Jesus reveals earthly and heavenly mysteries to his disciples, Mary Magdalene has access to secret knowledge about Christ, and this access troubles a jealous Peter in the Gospel of Mary.However, that book ends with a rebuke to Peter, and an appreciation for the source of knowledge about Jesus’ teachings, whether that source be a man or a woman.
Although many of these non-canonical texts were later denounced as heretical, it is clear that Mary Magdalene was a major figure for some early Christians, though there's no evidence for the type of formalized Mary-focused cult, complete with its own rituals, that Dan Brown writes of in "Da Vinci." Like most major figures (particularly women) her story was used by later Christians in different ways to support competing values, particularly the issue of women’s authority.