Via Media

Via Media


Who controls the family?

posted by awelborn

A WaPo story about a Chinese man fighting China’s coercive one-child policy:

It might appear a quixotic crusade — a blind peasant with limited legal training taking on the Communist Party’s one-child policy, which has long been considered a pillar of the nation’s economic development strategy and off-limits to public debate. But the Linyi case marks a legal milestone in challenging the coercive measures used for decades to limit population growth in China.

While there have been scattered cases of individuals suing family planning officials, legal scholars say the Linyi farmers appear to be the first to band together and challenge the state’s power to compel people to undergo sterilization or abort a pregnancy since the enactment of a 2002 law guaranteeing citizens an "informed choice" in such matters.

"The population and family planning law affects everyone’s individual rights, so a case like this is an important test," said Zhan Zhongle, a law professor at Beijing University who helped draft the legislation. "By suing the government, the Linyi peasants are merely asserting their legal rights. Whether the courts accept the case, and how they handle it, will be a test of China’s justice system and of whether China can govern according to law."

Forced abortions and compulsory sterilization, though never openly endorsed by the government, have been an element of China’s family planning practices since at least 1980, when the national population topped 1 billion and the party concluded that unchecked growth could undermine economic development and launched the one-child policy. But resistance has always been widespread, especially in the countryside, where farmers depend on children to help in the fields and support them in their old age.

As rural anger mounted and international criticism of such practices grew, the party began experimenting in the mid-1990s with less coercive methods, expanding health services for women, providing more information about contraception and implementing regulations barring involuntary sterilization and abortion. The government adopted the law granting citizens the right to make an "informed choice" in family planning, and in recent years it has moved toward a system of economic rewards for couples with only one child and fines or fees for those with more.

But many local officials continue to rely on forced abortion and sterilization, in part because the ability to limit population growth remains a top consideration in party deliberations about promotions and raises. In much of China, an official who misses a population target, even if he or she excels in other fields, is dismissed, according to researchers and family planning officials.



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Septimus

posted August 29, 2005 at 9:16 am


Well, give the Washington Post (a little) credit for reporting this story. Not being a liberal secularist (Deo Gratias!), I can’t see this story through their eyes — but I don’t know how you “soften” this, other than label the horrors as “abuses” — which appears to the good guys’ legal strategy.
Maybe I missed it, but I didn’t see any comments from the Guttmacher Institute (which the WaPo failed, in another abortion story today, to identify as Planned-Barrenhood-linked), or any other pro-abortion forces.
Which is both right and good, actually: they don’t do anything really useful to oppose Red China’s human-destruction policies, so they shouldn’t get a cheap, meaningless opportunity to look like good guys.



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Greg Popcak

posted August 29, 2005 at 9:46 am


It is my understanding that there are currently 117 female infants being brought to term for every 125 infants.
Over time, this has resulted in there being over 12 million more boys in China than girls. In some rural villages, this is causing some people to violate incest taboos by marrying first cousins. It is a source of great shame and scandal.
I am not convinced that China will be able to maintain these draconian practices for very much longer. The society will eventually be forced to collapse in on itself if they attempt to keep this up.



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Greg Popcak

posted August 29, 2005 at 9:56 am


Check that. It should read, “117 female infants for every 125 male infants” Sorry.



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Ken

posted August 29, 2005 at 11:41 am


>The society will eventually be forced to
>collapse in on itself if they attempt to keep
>this up.
There’s always the classic way around this: Invade and conquer your neighbors and take their women for your men.



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John J. Simmins

posted August 29, 2005 at 12:27 pm


Ken,
Hence the belligerent remarks toward Japan lately. “We want your Ipods and your women.”



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