Beliefnet
Steven Waldman

The House Energy and Commerce Committee wrestling with health care last night narrowly approved one measure (“The Capps Amendment”) claiming to be neutral on abortion — but which opponents claimed was slanted toward the pro-choice side. Then they narrowly voted for a different amendment (“The Pitts Amendment”) claiming to be neutral — but which a different set of opponents claimed was slanted in a pro-life direction.
And, then, to make things more complicated, they then changed their minds and narrowly voted down that last maybe-neutral-maybe-not amendment.
So, both sides claim to want the health care legislation to preserve the status quo and yet they don’t agree on what that means.
Mark Silk admirably attempts to sort through these public funding issues here.
For the true afficionados, here’s the text of the two controversial amendments:


AMENDMENT TO THE AMENDMENT IN THE NATURE OF A SUBSTITUTE TO H.R. 3200
OFFERED BY MR. PITTS OF PENNSYLVANIA, MR. STUPAK OF MICHIGAN, AND MR. BLUNT OF MISSOURI

At an appropriate place in division A, insert the following:
Sec.___ LIMITATION ON ABORTION FUNDING.
No funds authorized under this Act (or an amendment made by this Act) may be used to pay for any abortion or to cover any part of the costs of any health plan that includes coverage of abortion, except in the case where a woman suffers from aphysical disorder, phsyical injury, or physical illness that would, as certified by a physician, place the woman in danger of death unless an abortion is performed, including a life-endangering physical condition cuased by or arising from the pregnancy itself, or unless the pregnancy is the result of an act of rape or incest.
(He offered another amendment the day before, which was also narrowly defeated)
1 SEC. . LIMITATION ON ABORTION MANDATES.
No provision of this Act (or an amendment made by this Act) shall impose, or shall be construed to impose, any requirement for coverage of abortion, or access to abortion, or to authorize or permit the recommendation for, or imposition of, any such requirement by or through the Health Benefits Advisory Committee, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, the Health Choices Commissioner, or any other government or quasi-government entity, except in the case where a woman suffers from a physical disorder, physical injury, or physical illness that would, as certified by a physician, place the woman in danger of death unless an abortion is performed, including a life-endangering physical condition caused by or arising’ from the pregnancy itself, or unless the pregnancy is the result of an act of forcible rape or incest.
AMENDMENT TO THE AMENDMENT IN THE NATURE OF A SUBSTITUTE TO H.R. 3200
OFFERED BY M. CAPPS

In section 122(b), strike “The items and services”
and insert “Subject to subsection (d), the items and services”
.
Add at the end of section 122 the following new subsection:
(d) ABORTION COVERAGE PROHIBITED AS PART OF MINIMUM BENEFITS PACKAGE.-
(1) PROHIBITION OF REQUIRED COVERAGE.-
The Health Benefits Advisory Committee may not recommend under section 123 (b) and the Secretary may not adopt in standards under section 124(b), the services described in paragraph (4)(A) or (4) (B) as part of the essential benefits package and the Commissioner may not require such services for qualified health benefits plans to participate in the Health Insurance Exchange.
(2) VOLUNTARY CHOICE OF COVERAGE BY PLAN.-In the case of a qualified health benefits plan, the plan is not required (or prohibited) under this Act from providing coverage of services described in paragraph (4) (A) or (4)(B) and the,QHBP offering entity shall determine whether such coverage is provided.
(3) COVERAGE UNDER PUBLIC HEAILTH INSURANCE OPTION.-The public health insurance option shall provide coverage for services described in paragraph (4)(B). Nothing in this Act shall be construed as preventing the public health insurance option
from providing for or prohibiting coverage of services described in paragraph (4) (A).
(4) ABORTION SERVICES.-
(A) ABORTIONS FOR WHICH PUBLIC FUNDING IS PROIDBITED.-The services described in this subparagraph are abortions for which the expenditure of Federal funds appropriated for the Department of Health and Human Services is not permitted, based on the law as in effect as of the date that is 6 months before the beginning of the plan year involved.
(B) ABORTIONS FOR WHICH PUBLIC FUNDING IS ALLOWED.-The services described in this subparagraph are abortions for which the expenditure of Federal funds appropriated for the Department of Health and Human Services is permitted, based on the law as in effect as of the date that is 6 months before the beginning of the plan year involved.
In section 123(b)(4)(A) , insert after “cost sharing” the following: “consistent with subsection (d) of such section”.
In section 124(b)(3), insert “(including subsection(d))” after “sections 122”.
Add at the end of section 203 the following:
5 (e) RULES REGARDING COVERAGE OF AND AFFORDABILITY CREDITS FOR SPECIFIED SERVICES.-
(1) ASSURED AVAILABILITY OF VARIED COVERAGE THROUGH THE HEAIjTH INSURANCE EXCHANGE.-The Commissioner shall assure· that, of the Exchange participating health benefits plan offered in each premium rating area of the Health Insurance Exchange-
(A) there is at least one such plan that provides coverage of services described in sub-
paragraphs (A) and (B) of section 122(d)(4); and (B) there is at least one such plan that
does not provide coverage of services describedin section 122(d)(4)(A) which plan may also be one that does not provide coverage of services described in section 122(d)(4) (B) .
(2) SEGREGATION OF FUNDS.-If a qualified health benefits plan provides coverage of services described in section 122(d)(4)(A), the plan shall provide assurances satisfactory to the Commissioner that-
(A) any affordability credits provided under subtitle C of title II are not used for purposes
of paying for such services; and
(B) only premium amounts attributable to the actuarial value described in section 113(b)
are used for such purpose.
In section 113, redesignate subsection (b) as sub-section (c) and insert after subsection (a) the following new subsection:
(b) ACTUARIAI-l VAI-lUE OF OPTIONAI-l SERVICE CovERAGE.-
(1) IN GENERAL.-The Commissioner shall estimate the basic per enrollee, per month cost, determined on an average actuarial basis, for including coverage under a basic plan of the services described in section 122(d)(4)(A).
(2) CONSIDERATIONS.-In making such estimate the Commissioner-
(A) .may take into account the impact on overall costs of the inclusion of such coverage,
but may not take into account any cost reduction estimated to result from such services, including prenatal care, delivery, or postnatal care;
(B) shall estimate such costs as if such coverage were included for the entire population
covered; and
(C) may not estimate such a cost at less than $1 per enrollee, per month.
Add at the end of section 204 the following new subsection:
(d) No DISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF PROVISION OF ABORTION.
-No Exchange participating health benefits plan may discriminate against any individual health care provider or health care facility because of its willingness or unwillingness to provide, pay for, provide coverage of, or refer for abortions.
In section 241(c), add at the end the following new paragraph:
(3) PROHIBITION OF USE OF PUBLIC FUNDS FOR ABORTION COVERAGE.-An affordability credit may not be used for payment for services described in section 122(d)(4)(A).
Insert at the appropriate place (in the matter immediately preceding division A) the following section:
SEC. 2. APPLICATION OF STATE AND FEDERAL LAWS REGARDING ABORTION.
(a) No PREEMPTION OF STATE LAWS REGARDING ABoRTION.-Nothing in this Act shall be construed to preempt or otherwise have any effect on State laws regarding the prohibition of (or requirement of) coverage, funding, or procedural requirements on abortions, including parental notification or consent for the performance of an abortion on a minor.
(b) No EFFECT ON FEDERAl. LAws REGARDING ABORTION.-
(1) IN GENERAl-l.-Nothing in this Act shall be construed to have any effect on Federal laws regarding
(A) conscience protection;
(B) willingness or refusal to provide abortion; and
(C) discrimination on the basis of the willingness or refusal to provide, pay for, cover, or refer for abortion or to provide or participate in training to provide abortion.
3 (c) No EFFECT ON FEDERAL CIVIL RIGHTS LAW.-
Nothing in this section shall alter the rights and obligations of employees and employers under title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Add at the end of title IX of division B the following:
SEC. 1906. APPLICATION OF EMERGENCY SERVICES LAWS.
Nothing in this Act shall be construed to relieve any health care provider from providing emergency services as required by State or Federal law, including section 1867 of the Social Security Act (popularly known as “EMTALA”).

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