I saw recently a statistic saying that China today exports as much every six hours as it did in all of 1978, when Deng Xiaoping’s revolutionary opening of China to the world started. Thirty years ago, would anyone have foreseen China as prosperous as it is today? And would anyone have predicted that so many Chinese would be turning to Christianity? NPR is reporting all week on China’s Christianity boom. Why are so many Chinese accepting Christ? Excerpt:
In the past, she has left the village to work in Shanghai. She says her belief in Christ was a lifeline in the alien metropolis and her church acted as her family.
“Whether they know you or not, they treat you as a brother or sister,” she says. “If you have troubles, they help out with money or material assistance or spiritual aid.”
As China urbanizes and millions of rural migrants experience the social and economic dislocation of traveling to new cities, Christianity can provide them with an instant community.
Many believers sitting on the hard wooden benches of the village church are older. They tell stories of the rewards of faith and how prayer cured illnesses and ended beatings from husbands.
No one knows for sure how many Christians there are in China, which is still officially an atheist state. But most believe the real numbers far exceed the official estimate. Look at this:
Some recent surveys have calculated there could be as many as 100 million Chinese Protestants. That would mean that China has more Christians than Communist Party members, which now number 75 million.
Can you imagine? This might not technically qualify as a miracle, but it’s miraculous all the same. And Chinese evangelists are growing in strength and boldness:
[Government leaders’] powers to govern religion do, however, seem to be waning. That seems clear in a rural village in eastern China, where young people are openly trying to gain converts in defiance of the laws prohibiting proselytizing in public places. … China’s youth once trundled across the countryside spreading communism. Now, they’re spreading God’s word.
Amazing. The Spirit blows where He wills. By the way, Dr. Fenggang Yang at Purdue leads a scholarly effort to track and to understand what’s happening in China’s religious life (not only Christianity in China), via his Center on Religion and Chinese Society. By the way.2, one of my favorite books is “Christ the Eternal Tao,” a study by an Eastern Orthodox priest-monk of how Taoist themes and concepts in the life and teachings of Jesus.
By week’s end at the most, I’ll be saying goodbye to Beliefnet and moving this blog over to Big Questions Online. When I make the announcement, I’ll close all comments threads, because I won’t be able to monitor them anymore. I’ll be giving coordinates for the new blog and all that, but because when I turn out the lights on my Beliefnet career, there won’t be any combox commentary after that, I want to give all of you a chance to say goodbye to each other, if you won’t be following me to the new blog. I devoutly hope you do, of course, but not all of you will. So, if you want to say anything to each other — nice things! — this thread is the place to do it. It will be open until the end, which is very close (I’m not saying when because we’re still doing testing on the new site, and I’m not exactly sure of precisely when we’re going to go live … but it’s very soon.)
Be kind, folks. Some of us have been together on this blog for a long time … and we don’t even know each others’ names! Funny how online community works.
It seems completely obvious to me that the USDA needs to re-hire Sherrod just as CNN needs to rehire Octavia Nasr. Both were canned based on knee-jerk reactions to distorted fragments of speech, which, when viewed in their entirety, are completely within the realm of fair – and honest – discourse. I think it is the honest discourse that the ideologues hate – because it violates their doctrines, which must be maintained regardless of the complex human beings and complicated stories our lives invariably tell.
Well, yeah, but I hope Andrew will recognize himself in his condemnation of the right-wing ideologues he rightly condemns here. He’s often an ideologue about the issues he cares most about, and abusively unfair to those he’s identified as his enemies. Is there any word more loaded and less meaningful than “Christianist”? It means, “Christians Andrew Sullivan doesn’t like.” It’s a way of slapping a label on that sort of Christian so their arguments and their concerns don’t have to be taken seriously. Andrew does the same thing, in principle, that he condemns others for. And guess what? So do I. And you, Reader, do too; if you don’t think you do, you are not examining yourself closely enough.
It’s human nature for us to make snap judgments of others, based on limited information and experience. I made a quick and emotional judgment about the Journolist thing based on what I know from personal experience about liberal bias in the media, and based on my own personal experience of very nearly being the professional victim of a group conspiring on its semi-private e-mail list to destroy me personally and professionally because they didn’t like serious questions I was raising about their beliefs in my journalism. I still believe I am right about Journolist, but upon reflection, especially reflection about the Shirley Sherrod story, I wish I had waited to get more information before reaching a conclusion. The point, though, is that the facts in the Journolist case fit my personal biases like a glove, and I thought I knew what I was seeing. The truth is more complicated.
It is impossible to make completely objective judgments. We cannot possibly know everything about people. We do the best with the information we have. But if I’ve learned anything in the past decade of thinking and writing, it’s an appreciation for the limitations of my own judgment. This is a lesson I have to learn almost every day, and probably will keep learning until the moment of my death. It’s called humility, and it’s the unfortunate truth that we often have to be humiliated by our own foolishness and rashness to learn it.
A clarification: sometimes things really are what they seem to be. Often our judgments are sound. I do not believe that if one’s enemies or opponents only “understood” one, they would agree with one’s conclusions. We are tempted to think that because we are certain that our conclusions are correct, as everyone would agree if only they would see things clearly. That’s a fallacy, and a destructive one, because it could lead one to assume that the only reason others don’t agree is because they are malicious or willfully ignorant. I don’t believe, for example, that Andrew Sullivan disagrees with me on gay marriage because he’s bad; I believe that we have different, and mutually contradictory, beliefs on what sexuality is, and what marriage is. I think Andrew is wrong on this, but I don’t think his being wrong makes him a bad person, nor do I think that the whole of Andrew Sullivan comes down to how he stands on same-sex marriage. A few years ago, I was talking with a friend about how unfair I thought Andrew was to conservative Christians in his blogging, explaining that I didn’t expect him to agree in the least, but I thought his commentary was totally without nuance, and failed to draw important and fair distinctions. The friend then told me of an act of mercy Andrew performed for someone who was a virtual stranger, something so unbelievably risky and loving that it permanently changed the way I thought about Andrew. Whenever he publishes something about people like me that I think is outrageously unfair or nasty, I remind myself that that’s not who he is; it’s only part of who he is.
I hope people cut me the same break. I want to be clear here: none of us have a right to avoid being judged at some level by our words and deeds. Mel Gibson, for example, is guilty of acts of incredible viciousness to his ex-lover. Perhaps his struggle with alcoholism and mental illness should mitigate our verdict on his behavior, but that kind of behavior needs to be judged, and harshly condemned. We cannot be a society that condones or excuses it. Still, we know enough about Gibson to know that there’s more to him than the raging and quite possibly depressed drunk that we heard on those phone messages. This does not excuse what he did, and none of his artistic accomplishments can justify such rotten behavior (nor, for that matter, does his vile behavior sully his artistic accomplishments). My point simply is that people are complicated, and cannot normally be reduced to a few deeds, or selected words. The porn star I wrote about yesterday has no right to claim exemption from moral judgment, for good or for ill, because of her deeds and words, which I find worthy of ridicule and condemnation. I hope, though, that I always keep in front of me the truth that she is a human being and a child of God — a fact that in no way excuses or justifies her actions, which are worthy of strong
refudiation repudiation (heh heh), but which should keep me squarely focused on her essential humanity, however stained by her sins and failings.
The day will never come when I, or you, can avoid snap judgments based on our own prejudices, and confirmation bias. It’s just not in our nature. But we can learn to do better. I do think it’s horrible what Breitbart and others who believed his lie about Shirley Sherrod did to that good woman. But looking at my own record over the years, I know I have to be careful about getting on my high horse, because I’ve been caught out too many times rushing to conclusions based on faulty information and judgment. So, to circle back to how I started this post, I agree with Andrew that ideologues don’t want to see the full, messy, complicated truth, because it might interfere with their preferred story line. But I would challenge Andrew — as I challenge myself, and you readers — to think about ways in which we act the same way. One man’s close-minded prejudice is another man’s standing firmly on principle. The line between the two is murky, but we should be conscious that it’s there, and form our judgments in light of it. This is not to say we shouldn’t make judgments; if you believe, for example, that gay marriage is a civil right, or a moral outrage, you should fight for what you believe to be right. We should, however, be careful in how we arrive at our judgments, and how those judgments may close our minds to further information that could and should change our minds. Be careful not to become so focused on winning that you deny the humanity of your opponents, and cast fair play out the window. It’s a constant temptation for bloggers. Trust me, I know, having been guilty of it so often. All I can do is to try to recognize that weakness in myself, and try to be more discerning going forward.
The older I get, and the more mistakes I make, the more I see that humility is the most important epistemological virtue.
My 10-year-old son Matthew has had an Apple laptop for a couple of years; he’s been taking online classes for that long, and needs it for his schoolwork. Unsurprisingly, he’s become devoted to the thing, and talks about Steve Jobs the way other boys his age talk about LeBron James. I’ve thought for a while that that was cute — especially his daily geek-obsessive question to me, “Did you check Boing Boing?” — but not much more than that.
Last weekend, he and I had to run some errands, so we spent a lot of time in the car together. He started talking about his computer, and to my surprise, indeed shock, I learned that all the time he’s been spending on the computer hasn’t been on approved websites for kids. No, he’s been reading deeply into the manuals that come loaded into the Mac. I don’t know a lot about how computers work, but I know enough to understand that this kid has a startlingly deep grasp of the subject.
This is not a new story, of course. Smart, geeky, computer-obsessive boys aren’t exactly rare. But I’m left wondering what to do now that I know that I have one. Seriously, how can we channel his love for his computer into something upbuilding? If he were spending his time on video games or online time-wasters, that would be one thing. But teaching himself about the inner workings of his computer has lit a fire in his mind, and I want to encourage that. So I could use some advice from you who have raised kids like this, or who once were kids like this. What should we do? What shouldn’t we do?