Last night, I had the opportunity to attend an amazing talk by Swami Swaroopananda of the Chinmaya Mission. Swamiji has a lovely way of seamlessly integrating various stories into his talk as he makes his point. His talk was entitled “Success without Stress,” and he based it on specific parts of the Hanuman Chalisa. For those who are unfamiliar, Hanuman is one of the most popular figures in the Hindu epic Ramayana, and he is forever beloved by children and adults for his youthful antics and energy. The Hanuman Chalisa extols the glories of Hanuman in his selfless service to Lord Ram.
Swamiji began his discussion by explaining to us the eight siddhis (ashta siddhi) that are mentioned in Patajanli’s Yoga Sutras and can be obtained by very few through countless years of practice and devotion to all eight limbs of Ashtanga Yoga. Siddhi can loosely be translated as accomplishment or a special power or unusual skill. The eight siddhis Swamiji described are:
- Anima: Reducing one’s physical self to the size of an atom
- Mahima: Growing one’s physical self to incredibly large size
- Garima: Making one’s physical self so heavy as immovable by others
- Laghima: Becoming almost weightless
- Prapti: Being able to go/travel wherever one wants
- Prakamya: Being able to obtain whatever one wants
- Istva: Possessing lordship
- Vastva: Being able to control the minds of others
Hanuman not only possessed all eight siddhis, but was also blessed by Sita as “Ashta Siddhi Nau Nidhi Ke Daata,” or one who can bestow astha siddhi upon others. When Hanuman first reaches to Lanka on his mission to find Sita, he makes use of anima so as to be discrete in enemy territory. He uses it again when he approaches Sita for the first time – reducing his size to that of a schoolboy, so as not to scare her. He uses mahima to outwit and overpower demons. He uses garima to show his power when Ravana, the demon king, temporarily captures him and brings him to the main court of palace. Not even the mighty Ravana could lift Hanuman’s tail.
The stories of Hanuman are many, and Swamiji could have continued on. But instead, he told us that these eight siddhis are the key to success without stress in our life. We just needed to extrapolate the meaning:
- Anima: Reduce the ego and be humble in front of elders, parents, teachers, and gurus.
- Mahima: Think big, and aim for large goals.
- Garima: Be immovable and unshakeable in values and principles.
- Laghima: Don’t take everything in life too seriously. Have some lightness and laughter in life. To that end, I should note that Swamiji provided us quite a bit of laughter with his amusing anecdotes.
- Prapti: Focus mental energies on achieving the goal.
- Prakamya: Always speak the truth, and don’t be afraid to express aims and goals. Swamiji gave a beautiful example to explain his point. Most people say what they want to achieve and immediately follow it with “touch wood,” because they fear by saying it out loud, it won’t come true. Yet, when those same people approach a Swami, their entire view shifts. They suddenly believe if the Swami says it will happen, then it actually will. Hinduism is replete with stories of great sages and rishis whose utterances – curses and blessings – would come true. Swamiji’s point was that while the same may not be true for us, we should still strive to be like these great rishis by always speaking the truth and having a “can do” attitude in life.
- Istva and Vastva: Swamiji combined the last two siddhis and focused on the power of leadership, respect, and love – all of which go hand in hand. A true leader inspires others. And that inspiration causes people to follow and be loyal to that leader (istva). And finally, with respect to vastva, Swamiji said that if a person truly loves you, there isn’t anything he won’t do for you.
In a short 90 minutes, Swamiji beautifully explained some key principles to being successful in life. He also made it a point to explain that success should not be measured in terms of wealth. Money is necessary for sustenance and “even for God’s work…temples just don’t build themselves!” But wealth that is obtained through dishonest means causes destruction of the person and those around him. And when one acquires wealth, he shouldn’t horde it. It should be used to benefit society.
Hindus pay homage to wealth in the form of Goddess Laxmi, the consort of Lord Vishnu. And Laxmi comes and goes as She pleases. The only place She always remains is at the side of Vishnu. In the Ramayana, Swamiji explained, Ravana captures Sita, the avatar of Laxmi, for himself only. His greed and lust for Sita leads to the destruction of his kingdom and family, and his ultimate demise. On the other hand, Hanuman comes to find Sita in the name of Lord Ram, the avatar of Vishnu. And he is rewarded with Sita’s blessings – not wealth, which is of no importance to him, but the promise that he will always be in service of and near to Ram.
With a twinkle in his eye, Swamiji concluded by saying, “So, you can practice Ashtanga Yoga for hundreds of years to achieve one or two of these siddhis…or you can just worship Hanuman.”