Mark D. Roberts

Mark D. Roberts

Do You Have to Give Up Something for Lent?

Do You Have to Give Up Something for Lent?

grew up hearing about Catholics who had to fast during the season of
Lent. No meat on Fridays, only fish. This, you must understand, was a
costly sacrifice in the cafeteria of Glenoaks Elementary School! The
fact that my Catholic friends had to give up decent food in Lent always
seemed to me to be one more good reason to be a Protestant. (Photo: I
expect that the Lent Promo at the Luby’s in Kerrville is much better
than my elementary school’s cafeteria rations. I should note that this photo, taken a year ago, is of a Luby’s that has since closed. Perhaps their Lenten promo just didn’t work.)


But, in the past fifteen years or so, I’ve sometimes
decided to join my Catholic sisters and brothers in giving up something
during Lent. This means, depending on how you count the days of Lent,
fasting from something for about six weeks. (Officially in the Western
world, Lent comprises the days from Ash Wednesday to Holy Saturday, the
day before Easter. But many traditions do not count the Sundays during
this period as belonging to Lent. Thus Lent covers 46 days, but only 40
days belong to the Lenten fast.)

People in my theological tradition (the Reformed tradition,
pioneered by John Calvin) tend not to emphasize Lenten fasting. Partly
this had to do with the conscious rejection of Roman Catholic practices
that were not clearly based on Scripture. Lent is not prohibited in
Scripture. But it isn’t taught there either. One can be a faithful,
biblical Christian and never recognize Lent. So, in days gone by, many
Reformed folk and other Protestants who wanted to make the season before
Easter special in some way, chose instead to add a spiritual discipline
to their lives as a way of preparing for Easter. It’s quite common
today for churches that don’t have midweek Bible studies, for example,
to offer a Lenten Wednesday Evening Study or something like this.
Special Lenten spiritual retreats are also increasingly common in
Protestant in addition to Roman Catholic circles.


But fasting still plays a prominent role in Lenten
practices of many Christians across the denominational and theological
spectrum. Throughout church history there have been different kinds of
Lenten fasts. Nobody, to my knowledge, expected anyone to give up all
food for the whole season. In the Middle Ages it was common for
Christians to give up certain sorts of food, like meat and/or dairy
products, for example. This explains why, in my youth, Catholics
abstained from meat on the Fridays of Lent. Many Catholics still
observe this discipline. In the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Lenten fast
is taken even more seriously than in the Roman Catholic church, with
many Orthodox folk eating vegetarian meals during the season.


recent years I have sometimes given up something in Lent, perhaps
chocolate or watching television. The latter was particularly hard
because I enjoy college basketball, and March Madness (the NCAA
basketball tournament) always falls in the middle of Lent. This year I
have decided to give up something I enjoy. I’ve also adopted an
additional daily spiritual discipline. It don’t think it would be
appropriate for me to speak in detail about what I’m doing at this time.
But I would like to share some reflections on what I’ve been learning
through my version of a Lenten fast.


What I’ve Learned by Fasting During Lent

First, giving up something allows me to make a tangible
sacrifice to the Lord. Although certain sacrifices are already present
in my life, they’re sort of “built in” at this point. I don’t often
experience giving up something for God on a daily basis. The act of
sacrifice reminds me of my commitment to God and my desire to make him
first in my life.

Second, by giving up something I usually enjoy on a daily
basis, I have sometimes found myself yearning for that thing. Frankly,
I’ve been tempted to give up my Lenten fast at times. I could easily
argue that it’s unnecessary (it is optional, after all) and certainly
not taught in Scripture as something Christians must do in Lent (which is not mentioned in Scripture). But, though I don’t think my effort at fasting
makes God love or bless me more, I do think it raises my awareness of
how much I depend on other things in life rather than the Lord. I see
how easy it is for me to set up all sorts of little idols in my life.
Fasting, in some way, helps me surrender my idols to God.


Third, when I give up something I like and then feel an
unquenched desire for it, I’m reminded of my neediness as a person. And
neediness, I believe, is at the heart of true spirituality. Jesus said:

“Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. . . .
Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they will be filled.”
                                                                                     Matthew 5:3, 6


Of course feeling hungry for one of life’s pleasures isn’t
quite the same as hungering and thirsting for righteousness. But when I
feel my hunger, when I sense my neediness for some other thing, I can
use this to get in touch with my hunger and need for God.

Fourth, as I continue with my Lenten fast, I find myself
less eager for the thing I’ve given up. Ironically, this makes my fast
easier. It’s almost something I can take for granted, thus dulling the
spiritual impact of the fast. But I’m also gratified to know that one of
my little “idols” is being set aside in my heart, as I learn to depend
more upon God. I’m experiencing a bit of freedom that makes me gladly
thankful for God’s grace at work in me.


Adding a Lenten Discipline

Instead of or in addition to fasting during Lent, you might
add a spiritual exercise or discipline to your life. If your church
sponsors a Lenten Bible study, you might choose to join this study. Or
you may want to participate in some act of kindness, such as feeding
people at a homeless shelter.

I like to add something that I can do every day. It needs
to be realistic, given my nature and patterns of life. So, for example,
it would be a bad idea if I decided to get up at 5:00 a.m. to pray for
an hour each day of Lent. This would stretch me so far that I’d surely
fail. But I could take on additional Bible reading. Some years I’ve read
one chapter of a gospel each day of Lent, taking it in slowly and
meditating upon it. Other years I’ve used a Lenten devotional to focus
my thought.


If you have no idea what to do during Lent, let me suggest
the following. Set aside some time of quiet to as the Lord what he wants
you to do. See if the Spirit of God guides you to something. If nothing
comes to mind, I’d recommend that you read a chapter of a gospel each
day. If you start with Mark, you’ll have time to read all of Mark plus
all of one other gospel during Lent.

Perhaps some of my readers would like to suggest Lenten
disciplines that they have tried in the past, and how they have
experienced God’s grace through these exercises.

So, as we enter the season of Lent, I am grateful for the
saints who have gone before me, some of whom discovered the blessings
of giving up something in Lent, while others grew in their faith by
adding a Lenten discipline. No matter what you do during this Lenten
season, I pray that God will draw us closer to him, and prepare us for
a fresh experience of Good Friday and Easter. May God’s peace be with

  • Jim

    Sir- I think your line that “fasting is certainly not taught in scripture,” is a little misleading. It is certainly not innumerated as a required practice of the Christian faith, but it is “taught” all over scripture, from Genesis to Revelation. There are just too many references to cite here, but let me mention the fasting of John the Baptist, the Apostles (Acts 13:1-3), and Jesus’ own fast for forty days in the desert! To say that scripture does not command Christians to fast is one thing. But to assert that scripture does not teach Christians to fast in another; and I believe not quite true. That said – I liked your article!

  • Mark D. Roberts

    Jim: Ah, I don’t think I was quite clear. If you note the context, what I was saying is that fasting in Lent is not required in Scripture. I was not making a general comment about fasting, which surely has a strong basis in Scripture, as you note. I think I will edit my post a bit to make my point clearer. Thanks.

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