Islam In America

Islam In America

Images of Women in Hijab for Target Practice

posted by Suzy Shuraym

This news story is so astonishing it’s hard to believe the whole thing really happened.

According to Kate Wiltrout, writing for The Virginian-Pilot, the United States Navy “will not use a target depicting a Muslim woman holding a gun at a new training range for SEALs in Virginia Beach”.

A woman in a hijab? Well, OK. SEALs have probably been shot at in Iraq or Afghanistan by women wearing headdresses, so that might be a legitimate practice target (among others).

But, as they say on the television infomercials, there’s more. On the wall behind the woman’s head were verses from the Qu’ran.

What idiot in the Department of Defense thought this target was a good idea?

The Oldest Mosque in America

posted by Suzy Shuraym

America’s First Purpose-Built Mosque was completed in 1934 in Cedar Rapids, Iowa; photo ©2012 by Susan McKee

The Mother Mosque of America, once known as The Rose of Fraternity Lodge, in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, is said to be the first permanent structure to be built specifically to serve as a mosque in the United States.

Construction was completed on February 15, 1934. When a larger local mosque, the Islamic Center of Cedar Rapids, was built in 1971, the building was sold. Successive owners over the next twenty years allowed the building to fall in to disrepair.

In 1990 the Islamic Council of Iowa purchased the building, refurbished it, and restored its status as a Muslim cultural center.

Are you a part of the Islamic Council of Iowa? Can you tell us more about the current uses of this historic building?

Who has visited it?

Black Muslim Leaders: Elijah Muhammad

posted by Suzy Shuraym

Among Black Muslims, two names stand out: Wallace D. Fard and Robert Poole. Even if you’re familiar with the history of this indigenous Islamic religion, you may not recognize them — both were better known under different monikers: Wali Fard and Elijah Muhammad.

Elijah Muhammad: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division. New York World-Telegram and the Sun Newspaper Photograph Collection



Robert (or Elijah) Poole was a laborer in Georgia before migrating north to Detroit with his wife, the former Clara Evans, and their two sons. Four more sons and two daughters were born in Michigan, where Poole worked in the auto industry until the Depression forced the family onto public relief. Poole attended one of Wali Fard‘s sermons in 1931, and became a convert. Fard renamed him, eventually, Elijah Muhammad and appointed his protegé Chief Minister of Islam.

In 1932, Elijah Muhammad moved to Chicago to establish the Nation of Islam’s Temple #2. Police confrontations (involving mandatory school attendance for Muslim children) forced Fard to flee Detroit for Chicago, where he was arrested again. Soon after, Fard disappeared for good and Elijah Muhammad became the movement’s leader.

Eventually, the Nation of Islam became a powerful force nationwide through both political and social programs. Elijah Muhammad’s power began to unravel when his protegé, Malcolm X, discovered that the Nation of Islam’s leader had not only committed adultery, but had fathered illegitimate children. Following Malcolm X’s defection and assassination, Elijah Muhammad clung to power over a diminishing realm. Upon his death in 1975, a power struggle splintered the Nation of Islam.

See also: Wali Fard

Muslims Among African Slaves

posted by Suzy Shuraym

Abdulrahman Ibrahim Ibn Sori

The shipments of human cargo in the mid-16th century (via the efforts of Sir John Hawkins) disembarked on Hispaniola, Cuba, Jamaica and Puerto Rico rather than on the North American mainland.

The first black slaves to arrive in what is now the United States were 20 Negroes sold from a Dutch man-of-war to the settlers of the Virginia Colony in 1619. By 1790 there were 697,624 slave and 59,557 free blacks in the U.S.; by 1860, the population had jumped to 3,953,760 slave and 488,070 free.

There were Muslims among African slaves brought to the U.S. (for example, Abdulrahman Ibrahim Ibn Sori), but no evidence exists that these slaves had influence beyond their own experiences or were able to propagate Islam in the New World.

Why?

Most were young males, a demographic group least likely to be associated with cultural transmission no matter the circumstances.

In addition, slave owners actively suppressed native language and behavior to create a distinct slave culture.

There is a great difference in the history of African slavery in the American colonies and elsewhere in the Western Hemisphere. It is estimated that of the 10 million individuals sold into slavery in Africa, only 400,000 were shipped to what became the United States.

(Drawing courtesy of Wikipedia)

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