For Bible Study Nerds

For Bible Study Nerds

Literary influences Archives

Matthew 1:18-24; The Birth of Jesus Christ (Literary Influences)

posted by Mike Nappa

Matthew’s historical account emphasizes Jesus as Messiah and King for a primarily Jewish audience. As a result, one scholar notes, “The [Old Testament] casts a long shadow over Matthew’s gospel. No other evangelist or [New Testament] writer, including Paul or […]

Matthew 1:1-17; The Genealogy of Jesus (Literary Influences)

posted by Mike Nappa

Why begin the story of Jesus with a tedious, and incomplete, recitation of family history? Well, Matthew seems to have had one purpose in mind: To show proof that Jesus, as the adopted son of Joseph, could legally be considered […]

Matthew: A Brief Introduction

posted by Mike Nappa

 “All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had said through the prophet…”—Matthew 1:22 The gospel of Matthew is an eyewitness account of Jesus’ life, death, and resurrection, written by one of the 12 disciples in Christ’s inner circle. […]

Previous Posts

Matthew 5:43-48; Love for Enemies (Cross-Reference Comparisons)
“You have heard that it was said, ‘Love your neighbor and hate your enemy…’” This quote from Matthew 5:43 reveals—again—how religious leaders in Jesus time had unwittingly distorted the Mosaic Law they claimed to hold supreme. The distortion was not intentional or arbitrary—scribe

posted 12:00:50pm Sep. 29, 2014 | read full post »

Matthew 5:38-42; An Eye for an Eye (Factual Info)
“If anyone wants to sue you and take away your tunic,” Jesus preached in his Sermon on the Mount, “let him have your cloak also.” With all this archaic talk of tunics and cloaks, it’s easy to overlook the devastatingly difficult demand of this little statement. Consider: • In Jesus

posted 12:00:31pm Sep. 26, 2014 | read full post »

Matthew 5:38-42; An Eye for an Eye (Cultural Commentary)
Why was Jesus so adamant about mentioning “the right cheek” when he gave his command for followers to “turn the other cheek”? The answer lies in the social norms of that time in ancient Israel. In Western society today, one person spitting on another is a contemptuous, especially offensiv

posted 12:00:30pm Sep. 24, 2014 | read full post »

Matthew 5:38-42; An Eye for an Eye (Historical Backgrounds)
The legal for basis for lex talionis (“law of retaliation”) that Jesus referred to in Matthew 5:38 was well established in Jewish history and in the Law of Moses. The “eye for an eye” concept first appeared in Genesis 9:6, just after the Great Flood when God told Noah, “Whoever sheds hu

posted 12:00:29pm Sep. 22, 2014 | read full post »

Matthew 5:33-37; Oaths (Symbolism)
Matthew 5:35 quotes Jesus as reaffirming the declaration of Isaiah 66:1, saying very plainly that the earth is God’s “footstool.” But what does that mean exactly? In Old Testament usage, the concept of “footstool” or “under the feet” carried a few important meanings. First was the a

posted 12:00:12pm Sep. 19, 2014 | read full post »


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