Flunking Sainthood

Flunking Sainthood

What the Christian Century’s Top Stories of the Year Say about Protestant Anxiety

I just found out that my autumn Christian Century story on “The Mormon Moment” was the magazine’s second-most popular article of 2011. But this isn’t because the article was particularly well-written or insightful; it wasn’t. I tried to do too much in too little space, a common problem with the disappearance of long-form journalism. No, the article’s popularity has little to do with the piece’s merits and everything to do with what anxieties keep Protestants awake at night.


In fact, most of the top ten are like that. Here is the list:

    1. You can’t make this up: The limits of self-made religion,” by Lillian Daniel: “If we got all these spiritual-not-religious people together, they might find out that most of America agrees with them. But getting them together would be way too much like church.”
    2. Normal Mormons: A ‘model minority’ blends in,” by Jana Riess: “Mormons are in the familiar situation of being on the defensive theologically and politically. But they are also in terra incognita: they are viewed as leading the way in preserving family values.”
    3. Loose connections: What’s happening to church membership?” by Amy Frykholm: “Most churches still approach membership the way they did in the 1960s. But if new modes of affiliation are appearing, churches will need new ways of thinking about membership.”
    4. Voice lessons: Learning to preach,” by William H. Willimon: “King George was terrified to be in front of a microphone. That’s nothing compared to going head to head with the average North American congregation with nothing but three points and a poem.”
    5. Why do men stay away?” by Thomas G. Long: “Men and the church are often at odds. Sadly, many of the reasons researchers give for this are as insulting as they are misguided.”
    6. Same-sex complementarity: A theology of marriage,” by Eugene F. Rogers Jr.: “Marriage is a means by which God draws a couple close by turning their limits to their good. And no conservative I know has seriously argued that same-sex couples need sanctification any less than opposite-sex couples do.”
    7. New harmonies: Music and identity at four congregations,” by Steve Thorngate: “Some post-worship-war churches revel in musical eclecticism. Others have a singular approach and sound, rendering the terms traditional and contemporary irrelevant.”
    8. And Jesus sang,” by Barbara Brown Taylor: “After Jesus shared his last supper with his friends, they sang a hymn together. There is every reason to believe it was the Hallel, Psalms 113 through 118. How have I missed this before?”
    9. Why sermons bore us,” by Thomas G. Long: “Much of the snickering about boring sermons comes not because we expect so little but because we have hoped for so much. A hunger persists for a word from the Lord—without which we are left to our boring selves.”
    10. Advice and consent: Monogamy in the age of Dan Savage,” by Benjamin J. Dueholm: “While Dan Savage, an atheist, wouldn’t put it this way, the popular sex columnist exegetes rules about relationships with the precision of a rabbi or canon lawyer. Pastors should pay attention.”



There’s not a single story in there about what is going right in mainline Protestantism, but that’s not unusual: the most widely circulated articles and blog posts are always the ones that are most controversial, as I know from sad experience. But it’s interesting that in one way or another, almost every one of these articles is about the fear of Protestant obsolescence.

In some instances it’s obvious, like Amy Frykholm’s outstanding piece (#3) on “loose connections” and the trend toward disaffiliation in American religious life, or Lillian Daniel’s deliciously snarky thoughts on SBNRs (“spiritual but not religious, #1). Tom Long’s take on why men stay away (#5) tackles the perennial issue that a majority of men “feel bored, alienated and disengaged from church.” (His last two paragraphs are amazing. Be sure to read to the end.)


Even the articles that are clearly aimed for clergy — Long again (#9) and Will Willimon on preaching (#4), or Steve Thorngate on the musical “worship wars” that afflict many mainline congregations (#7) — have a bit of an edge to them: if people don’t like the sermons or music, they can and will walk away. If they disagree about homosexuality or same-sex marriage (#6), they can disappear, either drifting into total disaffiliation or flirting with some energetic religious movement that may or may not be a cult (#2).

What’s missing from this list are the kinds of triumphalist pieces that I — perhaps naively — imagine might have filled the Century’s most-popular list in the 1950s (a decade that Frykholm rightly points out represented an aberrative uptick in American religiosity, but there it is). Not one of these articles is about a hyper-successful mainline church that is beating the odds, like the ones featured in Diana Butler Bass’s Christianity for the Rest of Us (the book that helped my husband find his amazing Episcopal congregation in Cincinnati). Not one article is about church growth or widespread cultural impact. There’s nothing here about thriving Christian educational institutions or major endowments (for comparison, check out the headline above of a CC cover of old).


Instead, these are assertions of continuing relevance in a rapidly changing and somewhat bewildering religious landscape. And thank God they are. Mainline Protestantism sits at a crossroads of opportunity, its financial and membership challenges an unprecedented occasion for big-R Reformation. Not being Protestant, I envy that. Necessity will prove the mother of reinvention.


  • http://AddaURLtothiscomment chris

    What’s wrong with Protestant-ism is that so many of them are zero’ing in on doctrines, in fighting, navel gazing, bashing various groups, etc. and forgetting that to follow in the path of the Lord is not to sit around and spout off your own petty views of true doctrine (and bash others), but to have that true doctrine form the basis of loving and serving others. The Lord served, saved, blessed and taught.

    What’s wrong with Protestantism, is the same thing that’s potentially creeping into Mormonism, a focus on building up self and not on the other… What’s wrong is how quickly we forget this verse and others, “Not everyone who says to Me ‘Lord Lord ‘ shall enter the kingdom of heaven but he who does the will of My Father in heaven” and seem to think the important thing is what we see and no rather, than what Jesus explicitly said, we should “do”.

  • http://AddaURLtothiscomment chris

    see and no = “say and know”
    brain not working right…

  • Larry

    Thank you Chris. I don’t have to write a comment now because you touch on what I was going to say.

  • http://AddaURLtothiscomment Raymond Takashi Swenson

    Jana, you said that all of the top ten articles are about Protestant anxieties. So why is Mormonism in that category? Is there concern that their flocks are leaving for the greener pastures of the land of Zarahemla? Surely the rate of attrition from people lapsing into “Spiritual But Not Religious” is far more significant, as is shown by the research reported in the book American Grace.

    It surely cannot be out of a concern that Mormons are promoting a breakdown in traditional moral values. Or that Mormons are, contrariwise, on the verge of establishing a strict theocracy in America. The fact that Mormons don’t embrace the formula of a Trinity of 3 persons sharing 1 substance, whatever that means, is hardly a threat to the persistence of Nicene Christianity. The notion that Mormons might be especially irrational with their belief in angels and sacred objects hardly behooves anyone who worships a Jesus who promoted the reality of miraculous food, both manna and bread and fishes.

    So why are Mormons so scary to Protestants? Even more mysteriously, how can Mormons produce so much emotional energy and anxiety, yet simultaneously create enormous lethargy in the actual effort to understand who the Mormons are and what they teach each other (as opposed to nasty gossip)?

    Speaking for myself, the tendency for American Protestants to indulge in such collective self deception and avoidance of the truth about Mormons is puzzling, since it seems contrary to the basic integrity and humility that Christianity emphasizes in its most central doctrines. There is no excuse for such ignorance when all the texts that Mormons teach from are available for free online, along with volumes of interpretive material at sites like and

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