A Finely-Tuned Universe: What Are the Odds?

Physical constants like the speed of light make up a master plan to prepare an environment that precisely fits human needs.

The founder of a Christian ministry for skeptics, Ralph O. Muncaster believes that factors like the sun's mass and Earth's distance from it mean our planet was intentionally equipped to support human life.

Excerpted from Dismantling Evolution: Building the Case for Intelligent Design with permission of Harvest House Publishers.

Most cosmologists and astrophysicists today agree that the big-bang model of the origin of the universe is accurate. Ever since Einstein published his theory of general relativity, more and more of those scientists have also acknowledged, however reluctantly, that a universe with a beginning is very strong evidence for the existence of a "beginner." After all, a beginning demands a cause. And a cause demands a being that can create the cause-perhaps an infinite being, but certainly a being beyond time and space.


Einstein recognized that his theory implied a creator of some type. After Hubble demonstrated in 1929 that some 40 galaxies were indeed receding from one another as the theory predicted, Einstein begrudgingly accepted the "necessity of a beginning" and "the presence of a superior power." And as we noted in the last chapter, upon receiving the first data about the edges of the universe from the COBE space probe in 1992, project leader George Smoot remarked, "It's like looking at God."

Resisting the Implication

Astronomer Geoffrey Burbidge, an atheist, was so dismayed by the 1992 findings of the COBE spacecraft and confirming experiments, he complained that "his peers were rushing off to join the 'First Church of the Big Bang.' Other atheists, recognizing the theological implications, started coming to the fore. In early 1993, the Council for Democratic and Secular Humanism ran an article in their magazine

Free Inquiry

entitled, "Does the Big Bang Prove the Existence of God?" Even the prestigious British journal


enlisted its physics editor, John Maddox, to write an editorial entitled "Down with the Big Bang." There was no doubt in the minds of all those people about the theistic implications of general relativity and the big bang.

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Ralph O. Muncaster
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