An Islam Primer
Everything you always wanted to know, from Islam's 'golden age' to the meaning of 'jihad.'
Muhammad migrates to Medina and establishes an Islamic community. The Muslim calendar begins.
Death of Muhammad.
Islamic rule extends to North Africa, Persia (Iran), Jerusalem, Damascus and Central Asia.
Muslim advance into Europe is halted in France by Christian armies.
Islam's "Golden Age." Under a unified empire, Islamic legal, religious and political thought flowers.
European Christians launch the first Crusade to take the Holy Land from Muslims.
Crusaders conquer Jerusalem.
Mongols conquer the Islamic center of Baghdad.
Islamic forces defeat the last Crusader stronghold in Palestine.
Constantinople (now Istanbul) becomes a Muslim city when it is conquered by the Ottoman Turks.
With fall of Grenada, Muslim rule ends in Spain.
Muslim Turks, controlling much of southeastern Europe, attack Vienna.
The French, under Napoleon, invade Egypt.
French forces occupy Algeria.
European colonial governments control ex-Ottoman lands of Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Transjordan.
Saudi Arabia established.
Muslim state of Pakistan established.
Israel established. First Arab-Israeli war.
Second Arab-Israeli war.
Third Arab-Israeli war.
Islamic government established in Iran. Soviet Union invades Afghanistan.
Soviets withdraw from Afghanistan. Islamic rebel forces overthrow the Communist government.
Iraq invades Kuwait.
Muslim-dominated former Soviet republics in Central Asia gain independence. U.S.-led forces push Iraq from Kuwait.